Galileo Was Wrong
* New GWW Synopsis Book, See Below*
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Galileo Was Wrong is a detailed and comprehensive treatment of the scientific evidence supporting Geocentrism, the academic belief that the Earth is immobile in the center of the universe. Garnering scientific information from physics, astrophysics, astronomy and other sciences, Galileo Was Wrong shows that the debate between Galileo and the Catholic Church was much more than a difference of opinion about the interpretation of Scripture.
Scientific evidence available to us within the last 100 years that was not available during Galileo's confrontation shows that the Church's position on the immobility of the Earth is not only scientifically supportable, but it is the most stable model of the universe and the one which best answers all the evidence we see in the cosmos.
•Galileo Was Wrong The Church Was Right: Vol. 1: The Scientific Case for Geocentrism
•Galileo Was Wrong The Church Was Right: Vol. 2: The Historical Case for Geocentrism
•Galileo Was Wrong The Church Was Right: Vols. 1 & 2 (Includes FREE CD-ROM, saves $25)
•Galileo Was Wrong The Church Was Right - Abridged Version
•* New Galileo Was Wrong The Church Was Right - Synopsis
•PDF Version: Galileo Was Wrong The Church Was Right: Vol. 1: The Scientific Case for Geocentrism
•PDF Version: Galileo Was Wrong The Church Was Right: Vol. 2: The Historical Case for Geocentrism
•Galileo Was Wrong CD-ROM (Includes PDF's of both volumes, animations, and pictures)
The Feature Articles
•Dave Armstrong Teaching Falsehoods about Galileo in The One Minute Apologist
•Interview with Der Spiegel (Germany) on Geocentrism
•Preliminary Interview with Chicago Tribune on Geocentrism
•Mark Shea and the Cosmological Ostriches
•Response to Jared Olar and Pekin Daily Times
•Response to Discover Magazine's Phil Plait on Geocentrism
The Questions and Answers
Q and A
If you have a question please direct your question to Dr. Robert Sungenis at firstname.lastname@example.org.
The Promotional Stuff
Shirts, Mugs, Etc...
Wrong: The Church Was Right is one of the most unique and penetrating books
you will ever read. Now complete in Volumes I and II, authors Robert Sungenis
and Robert Bennett take you on a tour of science and history the likes of which
you would have never believed possible unless it were told to you in detailed
and graphic form. Has modern science led us down the primrose path and convinced
us of something that they cannot prove and that is in actuality false? Were the
Fathers, the Medievals, our popes and cardinals of the 17th century correct in
believing that the Earth, based on a face value reading of Scripture, was
standing still in the center of the universe? Come with an open mind and allow
these two authors to show you facts and figures that have been hidden from the
public for a very long time. This is a page turner that you will find hard to
put down, once you get riveted by the astounding material these authors have
assembled for you. Prepare yourself, however. Your world will be
rocked, literally and figuratively. Not only will you see from Volume I how
modern science has documented for us in bold fashion that the Earth is
motionless in space and occupies the center of the universe (yet have done an
equally remarkable job in keeping these important facts out of our educational
system), you will now see in Volume II how deeply the popes of the 17th century
were involved in condemning heliocentrism, guiding the process step-by-step and
finally castigating it as "formally heretical." You will also see how effusive
is the data in Scripture that teaches a geocentric universe in the most
detailed exegesis of Holy Writ ever presented to the public on this topic.
Lastly, Volume II offers detailed and comprehensive documentation of the
consensus of the Church Fathers and Medieval theologians on geocentrism. It
also covers all the statements and teachings of modern popes and councils, such
as Gregory XVI, Benedict XIV, Pius VII, Leo XIII, Benedict XV, The Council of
Trent, Vatican I, Vatican II, and a special section on John Paul II in his
re-examination of the Galileo case. These are facts and analyses that every
Catholic should avail himself. The most important thing you will receive from
this astounding study is a very close relationship with God. For once you see
that God, his Church, and Holy Scripture have given us the unadulterated truth,
proven by modern science itself, you will have no choice but to put yourself
completely in His trust and care for everything else in your life.
Galileo Was Wrong: The Church Was Right: Abridged Version - Did the Catholic Church make a grand and embarrassing mistake when it condemned the heliocentric system under Pope Urban VIII in 1633 as “formally heretical” and “opposed to Scripture”? Has modern science proven that heliocentrism is the correct system of cosmology? Did John Paul II officially concede that Galileo was right and the Church was wrong? To the surprise of many, the answer to all three is no. Now, abridged from the original two volume set of over 1200 pages, the essential facts and figures of one of the most controversial events in the history of man has been distilled down to 700 pages (350 pages of science and 350 pages of ecclesiastical history) and put in a comfortable 6 x 9 book frame in a less expensive paperback version.
Galileo Was Wrong: The Church Was Right:
A Synopsis of the Scientific and Historical Evidence for Geocentrism - This
book is a synopsis of the 1100-page two-volume work Galileo Was Wrong: The
Church Was Right published originally in 2005 and which is now in its fifth
edition as of 2010. Reducing the original two-volumes down to a synopsis of
about 100 pages was not an easy task but it was done for the benefit of those
who have busy lives and/or limited knowledge of science needed to comprehend the
larger books. We might say that this Synopsis is the equivalent of Cliff Notes.
But we have put enough information in it to whet your appetite and give you at
least a working knowledge of the science and theology behind the cosmological
issues in order to understand and perhaps defend the doctrine of geocentrism. My
personal belief is that those with a seventh grade to college level education
will be able to comprehend the information in this synopsis. If you obtain the
original two-volume work it will become helpful when you want more detail about
any particular section you read in this synopsis since we have put the page
numbers of the former at the end of each section of the latter. It is my hope
and that of my co-author, Dr. Robert Bennett, that you read this synopsis with
an open mind and willing heart, and if you do, a whole new and better
understanding of God, theology, Holy Scripture and science awaits you.
Price is $11.95 plus $3.50 shipping in the US and $10.00 overseas.
ISBN 13: 978-0-9841859-6-2
ISBN 10: 0-9841859-6-8
Robert A. Sungenis, Ph.D., is the founder and president of Catholic Apologetics International Publishing, a non-profit corporation. He holds advanced degrees in Theology and Religious Studies from George Washington University, Westminster Theological Seminary, and Calamus International University. Robert is presently seeking a second doctorate in religious studies at Maryvale Institute/Liverpool Hope University. He is the author of many books and articles on religion, politics, science and culture, including: The Catholic Apologetics Study Bible, Vol. 5, The First Epistle to the Corinthians (CAI Publishing, Inc., 2008); The Catholic Apologetics Study Bible, Vol. 4, The Book of Genesis, Chapters 1-11 (CAI Publishing, Inc., 2008); The Catholic Apologetics Study Bible, Vol. 3, The Epistles of Romans and James (CAI Publishing, Inc., 2008); The Catholic Apologetics Study Bible, Vol. 2, The Apocalypse of St. John (Queenship Publishing, 2007); The Catholic Apologetics Study Bible, Vol. 1, The Gospel According to St. Matthew (Queenship Publishing, 2003); Not By Bread Alone: The Biblical and Historical Evidence for the Eucharistic Sacrifice (Queenship Publishing, 2000); How Can I Get to Heaven: The Bible’s Teaching on Salvation Made Easy to Understand (Queenship Publishing, 1998); Not By Faith Alone: The Biblical Evidence for the Catholic Doctrine of Justification (Queenship Publishing, 1997); Not By Scripture Alone: A Catholic Critique of the Protestant Doctrine of Sola Scriptura (Queenship Publishing, 1997); Shockwave 2000 (New Leaf Press, 1994). He has appeared on radio and television, including programs on CNN, the BBC and EWTN. He has authored all the chapters and appendices for Galileo Was Wrong: The Church Was Right, except for Chapter 10.
Robert J. Bennett, Ph.D., holds a doctorate in General Relativity from Stevens Institute of Technology. He served as a physics instructor at Manhattan College and Bergen Community College from 1967-1983, and is presently doing private tutoring in physics and mathematics. Dr. Bennett has written Chapter 10, a detailed, technical and mathematical explanation of the various arguments for Geocentrism. He has served as a consultant for the entire Galileo Was Wrong: The Church Was Right project.
The Review "Bites"
exists no better exposition of the history and science of geocentrism. Very
highly recommended and a must for all those interested in the issues surrounding
(Gerardus Bouw, Ph.D., Astronomy)
over 700-page book, Drs. Sungenis and Bennett make a convincing case for the
special and central position of the earth in the cosmos"
(Vincent Schmithorst, Ph.D., Physics)
Was Wrong is a work of monumental proportion which ranks, in my opinion, on
a par with the meticulous observations of the Danish astronomer, Tycho Brahe,
and the tireless efforts of Walter van der Kamp"
(Neville Jones, Ph.D., Physics)
new book, Sungenis and Bennett take no prisoners...Now that the Enlightenment is
over, it was inevitable that the system upon which it was based should come in
for the powerful critique which Sungenis and Bennett provide. Not inevitable,
however, was the brilliant way they provide it"
(E. Michael Jones, Ph.D., ed. Culture Wars)
and Bennett examine the anomalies that arise from the Copernican model...A must
read for those who can set aside prejudices and a priori assumptions"
(Joseph Strada, Ph.D. Aerospace Engineering)
Galileo Was Wrong forcefully addresses the history, science, theological,
philosophical, and worldview implications of our place in the universe"
(Russell T. Arndts, Ph.D., Chemistry, LSU)
"It is with
pleasure that I remand this volume into the hands of the reader"
(Martin Selbrede, Chief Scientist, Unipixel)
Sungenis and Robert Bennett have done a great service to science and to men of
good will. Those who see the universe as the handiwork of the benevolent God
need no longer be subservient to fairy tales"
(Anonymous, Ph.D., MIT);
Was Wrong is a model for the kind of scholarship we need today --
intellectual understanding not as an end in itself, but as a commitment to
reality, infused with moral passion, love for the earth, common sense and
(Caryl Johnston, M. Ed., Jefferson Medical College).
The Full Reviews
Dear Dr. Sungenis,
Since writing to you two days ago to thank you for your letter and the gift of your two-volume treatise, I have had a chance to peruse this work (mainly chapters 10 & 16), and feel compelled to congratulate you and Dr. Bennett on this outstanding achievement! Thought I am not usually at a loss for words, I find it hard to express my admiration for this masterpiece, which has no peer and constitutes without doubt the definitive work on the subject of geocentrism. Considering, moreover, that the question at issue is absolutely fundamental in the sphere of cosmology, what can I say?
You are to be congratulated not only on your erudition and command of an incredibly vast subject matter, but also on the logical clarity of your presentation and lucidity of style. At your hands this subject of virtually unimaginable complexity becomes “almost” simple, and certainly understandable (up to a point) to nonspecialists.
Let me now swell this letter; perhaps I
will get back to you on some specific points. Today I just wanted to express my
admiration for your book, which strikes me as epochal in its implications.
With best regards to you and Dr. Bennett,
Yours sincerely in Christ,
Wolfgang Smith, Ph.D.
Academic Bio on Wolfgang Smith:
Wolfgang Smith graduated at age 18 from Cornell University with a B.A. in mathematics, physics, and philosophy. Two years later he took an M.S. in theoretical physics at Purdue University, following which he joined the aerodynamics group at Bell Aircraft Corporation. He was the first to investigate the effect of a foreign gas on aerodynamic heating, and his papers on the effect of diffusion fields provided the key to the solution of the re-entry problem for space flight. After receiving a Ph.D. in mathematics from Columbia University, Dr. Smith held professorial positions at M.I.T., U.C.L.A., and Oregon State University till his retirement in 1992. He has published extensively on mathematical topics relating to algebraic and differential topology.
From the start, however, Smith has evinced a dominant interest in metaphysics and theology. Early in life he acquired a taste for Plato and the Neoplatonists, and sojourned in India to gain acquaintance with the Vedantic tradition. Later he devoted himself to the study of theology, and began his career as a Catholic metaphysical author. Besides contributing numerous articles to scholarly journals, Dr. Smith has authored three books: Cosmos and Transcendence (1984), Teilhardism and the New Religion (1988), and The Quantum Enigma (1995).
A truly magnificent work. There exists
no better exposition of the history and science of geocentrism. Very highly
recommended and a must for all those interested in the issues surrounding
geocentrism today. The animations of the CD are excellent. They illustrate the
daily and yearly motions of the sun and planets about the earth, the seasons,
retrograde motion, and parallax in a uniform way. The authors have done a very
admirable job all around.
Gerardus Bouw, Ph.D.
Author of Geocentricity
In their over 700-page book, Galileo Was Wrong, Drs. Robert Sungenis and Robert Bennett make a convincing case for the special and central position of the earth in the cosmos, both physically and spiritually. This is, of course, radically at odds from what everyone is taught from childhood; everyone “knows” the earth revolves around the sun. However, from time to time, like the little girl in Hans Christian Andersen’s tale The Emperor’s New Clothes, accepted “wisdom” is challenged; and what everyone “knows” to be true turns out to be merely a concocted fantasy. Drs. Sungenis and Bennett make a powerful case that the “truths” of heliocentric and acentric cosmologies aiming to describe the “fabric” of space-time may in fact be constructed out of the same type of “cloth” as the outfit of the Emperor. Admirably presented in a format accessible to a scientific layman, the authors dismantle “proofs” of the earth’s motion such as Foucault’s pendulum, stellar parallax, and stellar aberration. In exhaustive detail, the authors also present the results from modern physics (such as interferometer experiments) and astronomical observations, suggesting that in fact the position of the earth may be where it was held to be prior to the “Copernican revolution”; namely, the unmoving center of the universe. The authors provide quotes from eminent cosmologists admitting that this cannot be refuted by observation but is only rejected on philosophical grounds, and raise the disturbing possibility that part of modern cosmology and physics, including Relativity Theory, has been invented out of “whole cloth” precisely to avoid the philosophical implications of a universe with a motionless earth at the center.
While many of the arguments contained within Galileo Was Wrong have been previously presented by other geocentrists, it is unparalleled in the breadth and detail of the information presented supporting a geocentric cosmology and its accessibility to the lay reader. Galileo Was Wrong therefore stands as a unique reference and starting point for future debate among all who are searchers for the truth and willing to entertain the possibility that perhaps the little girl proclaiming the Emperor’s nakedness was correct.
Unfortunately Galileo Was Wrong is likely to be scorned not only by the mainstream scientific community but also by the mainstream creationist movement. But all who believe that man’s creation was not by “accident” would do well to consider the following questions, posed by the authors. Is the earth an insignificant rock, a mere chance artifact of the Big Bang, one out of many planets in one out of many solar systems, of no special position but hurtling with great speed through the cosmos towards no final destination in particular? Or has the earth been specifically designed by a benevolent Creator as the habitation place for man, the highest creation in the physical universe, and therefore placed in the central position in the universe? For an important corollary to the question of whether man came into being only by accident or via the design of an omnipotent and loving Creator is whether the place of his habitation in the universe likewise came into being only by accident or by design of a Creator, and whether its place in the universe has any importance or special significance. As others strive to restore man to his rightful role as the crown of physical creation as opposed to a mere assortment of molecules arising by chance, Drs. Sungenis and Bennett have made a powerful case for restoring man’s central physical position in the universe.
Vincent J. Schmithorst, Ph.D.
Imaging Research, Ohio
The confrontation between Galilei and the Catholic Church is consistently portrayed as a sort of David and Goliath struggle, where truth ultimately triumphs. When this episode is examined in greater detail, however, a different picture starts to emerge, as so often is the case with many things that we are taught as being fact. If there exists an obligation upon each of us to think and to reason for ourselves, then it follows that there is also an obligation upon those who are able to conduct independent research to publish that research, no matter what ridicule and trouble is then heaped upon them for doing so. For unfortunately, in this Orwellian age of enlightenment in which we find ourselves, the Emperor’s New Clothes fable has gone from being an amusing insight into human nature to a dangerous psychological weapon, with those who openly question and explore ruling paradigms being branded as extremists, fundamentalists, or conspiracy theorists.
In Galileo Was Wrong, Robert Sungenis and Robert Bennett have provided an excellent synopsis of a field of science that most people today have probably not even heard about. It is not a regurgitation of some ancient, debunked theory. Neither is this a lightweight paperback, in the vein of so many publications by scientists who have lost the dividing line between science and science fiction. Rather, Galileo Was Wrong is a work of monumental proportion which ranks, in my opinion, on a par with the meticulous observations of the Danish astronomer, Tycho Brahe, and the tireless efforts of Walter van der Kamp who almost single-handedly raised geocentrism from the ashes in the 1970s and 80s. Although the World on which we all live gives an appearance of being located at the centre of the universe, is there any scientific evidence to say that it is at the centre? Conversely, is there scientific evidence to show that it definitely is not at the centre of the universe? What would a geocentric universe imply? To adequately contemplate these and similar questions necessitates our being in possession of facts, as opposed to simply making assumptions (even Albert Einstein took it as read that the World orbits the Sun, whilst acknowledging that there was no proof that this was indeed the case). In short, a formulated conclusion on such an important topic as this is only of value to anyone if it is based upon factual material. Galileo Was Wrong is a scholarly piece of work that should thus be welcomed by any thinking person, and that provides ample food for thought on our place within God’s universe.”
Neville Thomas Jones, Ph.D.
Imperial College, London
Galileo Was Wrong is an evocative book. It evoked memories which have lain dormant since my undergraduate days: things like the disturbing conclusions of the Michelson-Morley experiments; things like Leibniz’s critique of Newton’s system as shot through with appeals to occult properties; things like the fact that no one, least of all Newton, can explain what gravity is or refute the materialists’ conclusion that it is intrinsic to matter. In their new book, Sungenis and Bennett take no prisoners. They look all of the anomalies in the current cosmological system in the face without fear and come up with conclusions that will startle the followers of Carl Sagan out of their dogmatic slumbers. Truth to tell, Newton was turned into an idol to serve the political purposes of the Whigs, who used him to bring down the House of Bourbon across the English Channel. His cosmological system was used as a justification of the Enlightenment. Now that the Enlightenment is over, it was inevitable that the system upon which it was based should come in for the powerful critique which Sungenis and Bennett provide. Not inevitable, however, was the brilliant way they provide it.
E. Michael Jones, Ph.D.
Editor: Culture Wars
Ironically, aerospace engineers assume an “earth-centered, earth-fixed” coordinate system when launching and flying satellites. The Global Positioning System (GPS) does the same for navigation on earth and in space. In Galileo Was Wrong, Sungenis and Bennett examine the ‘anomalies’ that arise from the Copernican model, anomalies that are swept under the rug by the same scientists who assume the earth is mobile in order to ‘simplify’ complex problems. A must read for those who can set aside prejudices and a priori assumptions.
Joseph A. Strada, Ph.D.
Aerospace Engineer, NRO
The book, Galileo Was Wrong, forcefully addresses the history, science, theological, philosophical, and worldview implications of our place in the universe. It is virtually a one-volume encyclopedia on geocentrism. After the science has been discussed and the history has been told, it is a powerful reminder of the worldview struggle that faces Christians today.
Russell T. Arndts, Ph.D.
It takes some measure of discipline to collate and assemble, in cogent form, the relevant scholarship touching on the matter of geocentricity. The task is complicated in no small part by the diversity of viewpoint evident among the adherents to this admittedly dissident approach to astrophysics. Well-intentioned but poorly executed attempts along such lines have tended to discredit the geocentric model, and it is not without reason that the opposition focuses attention on such blatant misfires (if they focus attention on the issue at all). This volume, however, achieves a cumulative effect that is formidable. No one geocentrist, aside from the authors, will agree with every scientific tenet in this work, and many geocentrists might detect the absence of their primary concerns or preferred theoretical alternatives, myself included. How could it be otherwise? If the book were to be fully comprehensive, it could never enter print, its completion being diverted by continual data acquisition. It is right, then, that this effort storms the field in the powerful form it already exhibits, and it is my hope that it will become a living document, growing in value as new updated editions are issued.
I am not a Roman Catholic. Some may find it inexplicable that someone like myself, from the Protestant side of the aisle, would write an endorsement for this project. I believe that in the matter before us, we’d have to credit sectarian tunnel-vision for giving rise to such perplexity. My appreciation for the monumental labors of Drs. Sungenis and Bennett does not entail my adopting their views concerning the weight of Patristic evidence, for instance (although the difference between us is one of degree), and my endorsement of their work does not imply my repudiation of sola scriptura, among other distinctively Protestant positions. The critical question involves the value of the specific scholarship being presented. Just as the Chalcedon Foundation, a Protestant Christian educational institution, published the work of Notre Dame University’s Prof. Edward J. Murphy due to the importance of his work, so it is fitting and right to extol this particular compendium for so clearly demonstrating that the emperor’s wardrobe is not merely diaphanous, it’s positively massless (or expressed more plainly, the emperor, modern science, is wearing no clothes).
It is with pleasure that I remand this volume into the hands of the reader, whether he or she is an atheistic scoffer, a Roman Catholic inquirer, a Protestant polemicist, an Evangelical skeptic, or is otherwise motivated to re-open an issue heretofore thought, wrongly, to have been settled nearly four centuries ago. I would recommend approaching this work with as open a mind as you can muster. More importantly, I would urge the Christian reader to come to grips with our built-in, and very human, “lust for credibility,” our desire to have “friendship with the world” and retain “the praise of man,” all of which have sapped our resolve and lead to slippery-slope compromises that continue to lead men into the ditch. This is all the more remarkable, insofar as the present volume exposes the dark, seamy underside of modern science and its Janus-like propensity for speaking out of both sides of its mouth simultaneously. For the critic consulting the volume with the sole intent of attacking it, Drs. Sungenis and Bennett have provided the right thing indeed: a big, fat, juicy target. Therefore, let the debate begin in earnest. With documentation this thorough, the opposition can be quickly called on the carpet for misquotation or taking points out of context. Such interaction with hostile critics can only strengthen future editions of this work. If more Christians would raise the bar like these two authors have done, we would more readily perceive that the Word of God is an anvil that has worn out many hammers ... and will continue to do so.
Martin G. Selbrede
Chief Scientist, UniPixel Displays, Inc.
Vice President, The Chalcedon Foundation
Once upon a time, there was a big bang. It filled the sky with debris that formed into stars and planets. One planet developed a special slime that brought forth plants, animals, and men. The men became wise and discovered the truths of the universe. Or did they? Fairy tales have their place, but they should not be confused with science. Why has speculation come to replace observation as the basis of science? Galileo Was Wrong takes a critical look at the thesis that the Earth is flying through space. Here you will find a thorough review of the scientific observations along with a review of the scientists themselves. You will see how their unquestioning support of the thesis led them to redefine the nature of the universe. You will have the evidence to make up your mind for yourself. Robert Sungenis and Robert Bennett have done a great service to science and to men of good will. Those who see the universe as the handiwork of the benevolent God need no longer be subservient to fairy tales.
Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Galileo Was Wrong is an amazing work which opened my mind to many things in the field of astronomy and cosmology. I am grateful to Robert Sungenis and his co-author Robert Bennett for this lucid, philosophically powerful and meticulously documented work. Looking at cosmology from the point of view of the “discredited” geocentric theory is a remarkable educational approach, and one that could be applied with profit to many fields today. Western culture reveals a hardening of the arteries of thinking all across the spectrum, and the recovery and exposition of alternative and dissenting views will be necessary to its regeneration. By its very nature, the geocentric theory occupies a central axis in this sclerosis of imagination and imperviousness to reality that so degrades the intellectual functioning of Western leaders and elites today. Many bad habits and automatic assumptions sprang from the rejection of geocentrism, and even to detail these, as Galileo Was Wrong does, is an achievement in itself. But there is more than excavation here. Galileo Was Wrong is a model for the kind of scholarship we need today – intellectual understanding not as an end in itself, but as a commitment to reality, infused with moral passion, love for the earth, common sense and philosophical sensitivity. We don’t need ‘new knowledge’ – as the peer-reviewed science establishment keeps forever intoning – so much as the ability to do things, and see things, differently. In our moral darkness, Galileo Was Wrong opens up an important path to the reconnection of thought and life.
Caryl Johnston, M. Ed., M.L.S.
Jefferson Medical College
Author: Consecrated Venom
The very mention that the earth is motionless at the center of the universe, with the sun and universe revolving about it each day, as outlined and defended from physics and astronomy in Galileo Was Wrong, elicits a profound initial disbelieving shock. This is not a matter of belief but of evidence and of demanding study. Accumulated evidence justifies the rational claim of the text. The authors refer to a pivotal point, already testified to by many before, where physics went astray in accepting the unnecessary, unfounded, and diversionary relativity theories. A replacement was already set in place by physicists and experimentalists as Michael Faraday, Andre Ampere, Wilhelm Weber, Ernst Mach, and currently Andre Assis. Weber unified electrostatics and electrodynamics in 1848 in an expression for the energy and force between charges. The expression is confirmed by experiments, and required their relative distance, velocity and acceleration to each other, and the speed of light. Weber presented a similar expression for energy and force between material bodies, which is an important extension of Newton’s law. Integration of this force between a daily revolving universe, represented as a shell, gives rise, in the proper observed proportion, to centrifugal and Coriolis forces on material objects at the center. There is no need for dependence on any formulation from general relativity.
How can the universe, and the sun, revolve about us each day? There are theories to uphold this, in the never-ending desire to explain subatomic and galactic motions in the universe. What does remain is the reasonableness of the text’s thesis, from empirical sciences alone.
John Domen, MS
Physics, Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Following the rule of St. Augustine, the Catholic Church teaches that we are to interpret the Sacred Scriptures in their literal and obvious sense unless the interpretation is untenable or necessity requires otherwise. The Church also dogmatically teaches that it is not permissible to depart from the early Church Fathers’ interpretation of Scripture when they are unanimous (Councils of Trent and Vatican I). What does this have to do with cosmology? Everything, because in interpreting the plain meaning of Scripture, all of the Church Fathers believed in geocentrism (that the Earth is a motionless body in the center of the universe). Moreover, this view was endorsed by three popes in authoritative decrees which condemned Copernicanism as “heretical” and “opposed to Scripture.”
From Quasars to Gamma-Ray Bursts, from Parallax to Red Shifts, and from Michelson-Morley to Sagnac, Drs. Sungenis and Bennett’s book Galileo Was Wrong meticulously applies the scientific mortar to the theological bricks of geocentrism, producing a compelling structure that brings Catholic teaching and modern science to a crossroads. If the Earth is really the center of the universe, then modern man must face his biggest fear – that there is a Creator who put it there, and man is subject to His rule and authority. This results in two more “frightening” consequences: Copernicanism (which was abandoned by Galileo before he died) is one of the biggest deceptions ever perpetrated upon mankind; and, modern man must retool his entire worldview by giving his primary allegiance, not to science, but to the Church, “the pinnacle and ground of the truth” (1 Tim 3:15).
John Salza, Esquire
Author: Masonry Unmasked