Vatican I and Creation: The Dust of the Earth
Robert, this issue is really bothering me. Please, if you have time, I\’d love to know your thoughts,
Vatican I said the following:
A) If anyone does not confess that the world and all things which are contained in it, both spiritual and material, were produced, according to their whole substance, out of nothing by God; or holds that God did not create by his will free from all necessity, but as necessarily as he necessarily loves himself; or denies that the world was created for the glory of God: let him be anathema. (Vatican Council I).
QUESTION: Yet, we know that God created Adam out of pre-existing non-living matter (the dust of the earth). How can we reconcile this fact with what Vatican I taught?)
R. Sungenis: Because the dust of the earth does not contain all of the elements needed to create man, and therefore, it is inconsequential whether the dust was used or not, since, in the large, man had to be created ex nihilo. The dust is merely classified as a mediate process, not an immediate or necessary process.by